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Asset Level Index

The INREV Annual Asset Level Index measures the performance of European real estate assets over the year and includes assets that are reported on a monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual basis.INREV members that are subscribed to this project and also deliver their asset level data, are able to analyse the INREV Asset Level Index in more depth through the dedicated analysis tool.

How to join

Are you interested along with 32 founding members to join the asset level index, ensuring its future success and growing its reach on a global scale? 

Are you a Fund manager or data contributing investor? Are you a non data contributing investor?
You’ll have full access to: You’ll have full access to:
Your contribution:
  • An annual fee of €7,500 (starting only after 12 months - no fee during the first year of becoming a member)
  • Historical data starting from Q4 2013
Your contribution:
  • An annual fee of €15,000
  • Motivate managers to join this initiative and deliver their data

All fund manager/data contributing investor members who join this project will benefit from a fee-free first year, after which the annual fee as described above will be charged. This benefit is applicable only to managers who provide historical data for all assets held within the funds that are included in the INREV Fund Index. Data contributing investors should provide data for their direct portfolios and ask their managers to provide assets that they have invested in. 

At this moment only investors, investment managers and fund of funds managers can join this project.

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Background

The Asset Level Index was initiated in 2015 in response to the evolving needs of the market, enabling deeper insights into drivers of vehicle performance, market index comparison and truly customised analysis. 

Supported by 31 founding INREV members, the index represents a common goal to further increase transparency across the industry and develop global market information to support peer-to-peer market comparison and analysis. 

The journey began in 2015

Summer 2015

Deka and DWS, members of both INREV and BVI approached INREV to discuss requirements for a comprehensive set of indices to measure the performance of real estate assets

Autumn 2015

The initiative rapidly gained traction and a focus group of c. 30 members across Europe and NCREIF was formed

Spring 2016

At the INREV Annual Conference 2016 INREV announced that it would commence on a proof of concept to test the concept and viability of developing an asset level performance index

Spring 2017

At the INREV Annual Conference 2017 INREV gave a presentation and made a call for signed commitments to the project

Summer 2017

A prototype-led selection process was carried out to choose an IT company to develop the system for the Asset Level Index

Autumn 2017

Signed commitments exceeded targets with 31 companies signing representing committed assets of +EUR 160 billion

March 2018

Data collection and validation began

April 2018

Live demo of the data input tool at the Annual Conference

June 2018

Launch of data input tool and live workshops in London, Amsterdam and Frankfurt

June - December 2018

Development of the online analysis tool

 
 
 



The project scope is defined as:

  1. To produce a set of indices that measure the performance of real estate assets across Europe, with the potential for global coverage
  2. To create an online tool that allows members to build their own customised index
  3. To explore the possibility of asset to fund level reconciliation 


The project deliverables are defined as:

  1. Quarterly and annual snapshots available to all market participants, both INREV members and non-members
  2. Quarterly and annual publication report available to all INREV members
  3. Online Index Analysis tool available to data contributing managers and investor members that grant explicit permission for their fund managers to deliver data to INREV

Asset Level Index

Comprehensive measures of performance of real estate assets accross Europe

Get deeper insights into drivers of your vehicle performance
Compare your performance against a market index
Formulate a strategy and compare it to a market index
Create your customised indices with the online analysis tool



The index is on course to be a huge success, with founding members already having pledged €162 billion in assets,  exceeding a €100 billion target. Ambitions to grow the index globally are strong and thanks to collaborative efforts with regional partners ANREV and NCREIF, the feasibility to further the span of the index is well within reach. 
 

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Latest publications

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Progress and potential

The Asset Level Index now includes over 8, 300 assets in excess of €173 billion in market value, now covering 20 markets and 13 sectors.

The potential to expand coverage is huge if and when existing members provide further assets and new INREV members join. 

INREV expects to reach coverage of more than €250 billion in 2021, matching the size of its fund level index.
 

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Governance

An Asset Level Index focus group, consisting of INREV members was formed to work closely with the project to carry out due diligence, evaluate the feasibility and work on a proof of concept alongside the INREV Performance Measurement Committee.

Around 30 individual members representing 18 different companies including NCREIF CEO, have been working on the proof of concept, evaluating key items such as data fields and definitions, calculation and methodology, validation and visualisation and the analysis and use of data. 

This process is a similar procedure implemented in the development of INREV’s existing indices.

asset level governance

How often does the focus group meet?
Calls take place on a regular basis and members join the calls depending on the focus of the discussions taking place. 

How is the focus group arranged?
The focus group is assigned an overall focus group chair to steer the calls and then split into sub working groups to tackle different technical aspects of the project. Each working group is then assigned a working group chair and each group has specific objectives to tackle.

How are decisions made?
The INREV Management Board are updated on a quarterly basis and provide approval for each major step in the project following a three-layer approval process:

  1. Sub group approval - decisions need to be approved by the working group before being brought to the asset level focus group
  2. Asset level focus group approval - decisions are brought to the overall asset level focus group for approval being brought to the performance measurement committee
  3. Performance Measurement Committee approval - decisions are brought to the Performance Measurement Committee before being presented to the INREV Management Board


 

Calculation methodology

A Calculation methodology has been developed in cooperation with the asset level performance calculation sub-group that consisted of the representative of the following companies: Allianz, Invesco, Rockspring, M&G, LaSalle, TH Real Estate and CBRE.

The final methodology was approved by the overall Asset Level Index focus group and the INREV Asset Level indices must include the following assets:

  • Located in Europe
  • All asset types and sub-types
  • All life-cycle stages
  • All types of valuation approaches
  • All accounting standards
  • INREV only accepts information which comes directly from the fund manager or investor and not from public sources.

Frequency of data delivery
Asset level data can be delivered on monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual basis. The template that has been developed together with the focus group allows INREV members provide data in any frequency that they use internally to report their financial results.

Monthly chain-linking
To calculate quarterly or annual performance monthly chain-linking methodology will be used. A detailed asset level index calculation guide will be published on this page at the beginning of 2019.

Total return formula

$$ TR_{m_k} = {MV_{k_m} - MV_{k_m-1} + ΣD_{k_m} - ΣA_{k_m} - CAPEX_{k_m} + NOI_{k_m} \over MV_{k_{_m-1}} + ΣA_{k_m} + CAPEX_{k_m} } $$

$$ TR_{Q} = (1+TR_{m_1}) * (1+TR_{m_2}) * (1+TR_{m_3}) -1 $$

$$ TR^P = Σ(N^{a^1},N^{a^2},N^{a^3},...) \over Σ(D^{a^1},D^{a^2},D^{a^3},...) $$

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Data collection, validation and quality

Online Data Input Tool

Which data fields does INREV collect?
Data is collected using an excel file that contains data fields that have been agreed on with the focus group.
Download data delivery template below

How is data collected?
Data is collected via an online data input tool, where members are able able to upload the Excel data delivery template.  The system runs a number of validations to ensure the quality of the data received.  Members are asked to approve data before submission to INREV.

Asset Level Index DashboardData upload process

Asset Level Index

How is data validation carried out?
The validation process includes three major steps:
1.    Systems based validation – the system will use rules-based algorithm to validate data.
2.    Member approval – the member will need to approve information before submission to INREV
3.    INREV verification – the INREV team will verify information before inclusion to the database

Can INREV use the fund level data for validations?
Yes absolutely, the INREV fund level data is used for checks and balances to the asset level data.

How will data confidentiality be managed?
INREV will not disclose or share any asset level data provided by any company without the explicit approval of that company.
INREV will only use data provided by any company in a composite where the asset, the vehicle, the manager and any investor are not identifiable.  

Which performance will be measured by the headline Asset Level Index?
The headline asset level index will measure performance of the market, which will include standing investments, transactions and developments.

Which performance is measured for individual assets?
Monthly, quarterly and annual performance will be measured net of costs.

What type of returns will performance measure on an index level?
Quarterly and annual performance will be measured by time weighted returns over the measurement period. Income return, capital growth and total return will be calculated for the measurement period.

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Asset Level Index Input Tool

The Asset Level Index is now ready for data collection. Provide your data using the Asset Data Input Tool.

Asset Data Input Tool

Asset level toolasset level detailed stats

 

FAQ's

General 

 

What is the Asset Level Index?
Contrary to fund level indices, the asset level index tracks the performance of real assets on an individual basis. This allows for more detailed performance analysis. 

Do I have to be an INREV member to participate in the Asset Level Index?
Yes, membership is required to become part of the Asset Level Index project, as well as to receive access to all Asset Level Index reports and the analysis tool.

Who can join the Asset Level Index?
At this moment, only fund managers and investor members can join this project. Fund managers that want to join are obliged to deliver data of the assets that they manage. Investors can join without an obligation to deliver data, but receive a discount if they provide the data for their direct portfolio or ask their fund managers to deliver the data for the assets that they invest in.

The first year is currently fee free to data contributing members. 

Can we provide data for the Asset Level Index without joining this project and paying an additional fee?
Yes, members and non-members can provide data for the index via the INREV Data Platform but cannot access the Analysis Tool. 

How can we join the Asset Level Index?
To join the Asset Level Index project, members need to sign an agreement. After signing this agreement investors and fund managers will get access to the INREV Data Platform and Asset Level Index Analysis tool.  

The first year is currently fee free to data contributing members. 

Do we have to pay an additional fee to join the Asset Level Index project?
Yes, the Asset Level Index project has been developed outside  of the INREV membership and involves an additional fee. The fees are:

  • For fund managers or data contributing investors: €7,500 a year, with a free first year.
  • For on-data contributing investors: €15,000

Is it compulsory to provide data to join the Asset Level Index project?
Fund managers who wish to  join the index and get access to the analysis tool are obliged to at least provide  the data for the assets of the funds that are included in the fund level index.

Investor members are not required to provide data to join the project.

What was the initial driver of this initiative?
In the summer of 2015, Deka and Deutsche Bank, both members of both INREV and the BVI (German Investment Funds Association), approached INREV to discuss their requirements for a comprehensive set of indices to measure the performance of real estate assets across the world.

This requirement was driven by regulations on risk metrics disclosures, which must be based on robust indices representing the performance of global real estate asset markets.

Why did INREV decide to explore this initiative?
There was strong appetite from, and a need within the membership, for information that will allow the industry to better understand the drivers of fund performance.  This initiative will help the industry strive towards better transparency. Together with ANREV and NCREIF, this initiative will allow INREV to move towards the provision of a robust and highly dependable global index.

How is this initiative in-line with INREV’s mission statement and strategic goals?
The Asset Level Index initiative delivers on INREV’s mission to further transparency of the non-listed industry; it further satisfies the strategic objective of further developing global market information to support peer-to-peer comparison.

Why has INREV been selected for this project?
INREV was approached by its members due to its experience in index construction and production, as well as its independence and not-for-profit status and close working relationships with NCREIF and ANREV. 

Is this information missing from the market?
There are many countries across Europe that do not have a robust index and that European indices are dominated by the countries like Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, UK and France. This index will provide greater granularity and a greater analysis of more European countries.

Why will this service be different to anything that is currently available on the market?INREV promotes a self-service model whereby members can log in anytime anywhere to access information instantly.  Members will be able to make their own customised selections, thereby cutting out lag time in waiting for a response from service teams.

Through the INREV Fund Index INREV already has fund level performance data of more than 300 funds. This presents an opportunity to potentially expand coverage and provide members access to a large European asset level database covering more than just major European real estate markets.

Index specifications


What are the criteria for Asset Level Index inclusion?
The INREV Asset Level Index includes the following assets:

  • Located in Europe
  • All asset types and sub-types
  • All life-cycle stages
  • All types of valuation approaches
  • All accounting standards

Is the index frozen or unfrozen?
The INREV Asset Level Index is an unfrozen index which means that historical data can change with future updates. 

Can this index be used as a benchmark?
The INREV Asset Level Index is not considered to be a benchmark under the Benchmarks Regulation (BMR) which entered into effect on 1 January 2018. For more information about the EU BMR listen to the Tax and Regulations  Briefings call.

Can this index be used for derivatives?
The INREV Asset Level Index cannot be used for derivatives.

How is the main use of the asset type determined? 
The main asset type is determined by the local authority classification or is manager defined. If the share of market rent of any single asset use type is greater than 50%, select this as the main asset use. If none of the types has a share greater than 50%, the asset type should be defined as mixed.  

What happens when a member stops contributing data, would their asset data remain in the index?
When a member stops contributing their data to the Index, this data will remain in the Index ending at the last date of contribution. As with other INREV indices, the historical data will be kept in the index to ensure continuity. 

Is the index equally weighted or value-weighted?
The Asset Level Index is value-weighted, meaning that large assets have a bigger impact on the performance of the index. 

Is the index re-weighted based on the size of the markets in Europe?
No. All assets that are provided by contributors are taken as-is. This means that for countries that we do not have enough assets for, coverage might be underrepresented.

What is the frequency of data reported in this index?
Asset level data can be reported on a monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual basis.

The annual index includes assets that are reported on a monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual basis.

The quarterly index includes assets that are reported on a monthly and quarterly basis only.

What are the confidentiality rules for this index?
Performance for any index or sub-index is reported only when the sample includes at least 3 assets from 3 different companies and none of the companies account for more than 60% of the sample, when measured by market value.

How is currency conversion dealt with when calculating returns?
To calculate aggregate returns, a local currency methodology is used. This means that all asset level indices and portfolio returns do not take currency fluctuations into account. To remove the effect of currency fluctuations, the monthly values that are reported in currencies other than the Euro are converted using the first day of the month exchange rate. 

If I wanted specific data on a certain region, can I do this with the Asset Level Index?
Yes, one of the main goals of the Index is to allow members to create their own customised indices with the online analysis tool, and compare this to a market index.

Which data fields does INREV collect?
All data fields that we collect are included the Asset Level Index Data Delivery Template, which was developed together with INREV members. This template includes all definitions and validation rules that we use to upload the data. The most recent version of this template can be downloaded via the INREV website.

How is data collected?
Data is collected via an online data input tool, where members are able to upload the Excel data delivery template.  The system runs several validations to ensure the quality of the data received. Members are asked to approve data before submission to INREV.

When should we provide and update the data?
Data collection starts immediately after a quarter has ended for a period of up to 8 weeks.

The approximate deadlines are as follows:

  • Q1 data: End May 
  • Q2 data: End August
  • Q3 date: End November 
  • Q4 data: End February 

How is data validation carried out?
Data validation is carried out in a three step process:

  1. Systems based validation – the system will use rules-based algorithms to validate data.
  2. Member approval – the member will need to approve information before submission to INREV
  3. INREV verification – the INREV team will verify information before inclusion to the database

What calculation methodology is used to calculate performance?
The INREV Asset Level Index measures the annual and quarterly performance of the real estate assets across Europe and includes assets that report their data on a monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual basis. 

Performance is calculated using a monthly chain-linking methodology and excludes effects of leverage and vehicle level costs, fees and expenses.

The Index results are based on asset level data that is provided to INREV directly by managers and investors.

Detailed information about the calculation methodology, can be found here

Which performance is measured for individual assets?
The online tool measures gross performance of assets, that is excluding effects of leverage. Performance is calculated using monthly chain-linking formula on a quarterly and annual basis. Detailed information about calculation methodology can be found here.  When was the Index launched and when does the data date back  to?

The index was launched in April 2019 at the Annual Conference.. Historical data dates back to Q1 2014.

What currency is required for data submission?
Financial data for the assets needs to be reported in the reporting currency of the country where the asset is located.

Are all assets standing investments or developments?
The headline indices include all types of assets, both standing investments, developments, etc.

Is this index a transaction or valuation-based index?
The headline indices include all valuations, both transactions and valuations. As for types of valuations, the index includes external and internal valuations.

Questions about Asset Level Index?

Please don't hesitate to contact us.